Biochemical and immunohistochemical studies on the scirrhous carcinoma of human stomach.


Tumor mass of the stomach from patients with scirrhous carcinoma was analyzed biochemically and immunohistochemically to elucidate whether or not infiltrating carcinoma cells are directly responsible for overproductions of collagen in the lesion. Collagen content per unit transverse section of the tumor was two to four times higher than the normal. Of particular interest was that the contents of hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulfate were five to ten times higher than the normal, suggesting that cells in the lesion of the tumor are in an actively proliferating stage. Immunohistochemical observations using type-specific anti-collagen antibodies and anti-carcinoembryonic antigen antibody revealed that type IV collagen was diffusely distributed through the tumor stroma of submucosa and fragmented regions of muscle layer, along with dense fibrous components composed of type I and type III collagens. Stroma cells in the lesion were often stained with antibody to type IV collagen. In contrast, carcinoma cells were with antibody to type I collagen, but not with antibodies to type III and type IV collagen. Quantitative analysis of the collagen production by isolated stroma cells and undifferentiated (KATO-III) and highly differentiated (MKN-28) carcinoma cells in culture in the presence and absence of a combination of the conditioned medium of these cells has shown that the scirrhous carcinoma of stomach results from the "stroma reaction" of stroma cells induced by infiltrating malignant epithelium.


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